- 1. Choose where you want to have your compost site.
- It is best to look for a site with good drainage and summer shade.
- 2. Choose your composting method.
- Check our fact sheet at recycleright.wa.gov.au for a full description of composting methods. Your choice will be influenced by what you want to use the compost for, how much time you have to spend on compost creation, how quickly you want the compost and how much space you have for your compost heap.
- 3. Gather your compost ingredients.
- For good compost, you will need a balance of good nitrogen rich kitchen scraps such as fruit and vegetable peelings and green garden vegetation such as fresh grass clippings as well as carbon rich brown garden waste such as dry leaves, paper and straw. You will also need some water and some soil or completed compost to introduce composting micro-organisms.
- 4. Start layering.
- To build a good compost heap, start with a thick layer of twigs or coarse mulch at the base for drainage. Then follow with a thick layer of kitchen scraps and green garden vegetation, a layer of brown garden vegetation and some water to moisten it well. Keep repeating these layers.
- 5. Maintain your compost.
- So your compost does not smell, turn it with a garden fork weekly or place garden stakes or pipes through the heap to allow air in. You should always cover your heap so it is just moist, not wet. If you do find it gets too wet, just mix some more dry brown material through it and turn it again.
What you can compost:
- Fruit and vegetable peelings, newspapers, grass clippings, weeds, tea leaves, coffee grounds, egg shells, old potting mix, dead flowers, human and animal hair. Try and avoid placing meat or dairy products in your compost until you are confident and experienced in making compost.
- For more information, visit the Recycle Right website and download our composting factsheet.